baseball cards investment

Are Baseball Cards A Good Long Term Investment?

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Some cringe at the thought of baseball cards as an ‘investment’, but it’s hard to deny the appreciation in the most cherished vintage baseball cards.

The rise in value of old sports cards has led to a new line of thinking about how collectors should think about cards as a long term investment. 

Based on work from PWCC, a basket of some of the most expensive and popular cards has outperformed the S&P 500 by over 200% since 2008.  

Most collectors don’t entertain the ‘investment’ part of card collecting, but focus on building a collection that suits their interest, regardless of the value. 

Still, I think collectors and non-collectors alike should consider vintage baseball cards as an overall part of their entire investment portfolio. 

Historical Investment Performance of Baseball Cards

The baseball card hobby didn’t find its footing until the early 1980s.  It was an aha moment when collectors realized that they might be able to make money from baseball cards. 

The ‘junk era’ clouded some of the opportunities in rare vintage cards, as the era was dominated by mass over-production. Still, wise collectors buying the cream of the crop would have made a pretty penny on their investment if held to this day.

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A Honus Wagner T206 card could have been purchased for around $1500 in 1975.  Today that card would conservatively be worth around $5 Million.  A $1500 investment in the S&P 500 back then, with dividends reinvested, would be worth around $220,000.   

Thus an investment in a T206 Honus Wagner card would have provided over 20x the return as the overall US stock market.  Of course, it would have taken a lot of guts to invest $1500 into a baseball card back in 1975, but still, it shows the potential.


And as illustrated with the PWCC index below, given a subset of 100 of the most expensive cards in the hobby, baseball cards have provided a tremendous return since 2008.   

And shockingly enough, the card market didn’t fall apart in 2008.   There was a financial calamity, housing prices were in free fall, major financial institutions were going out of business, and there was near panic on the streets.  Yet investors decided their prized cards would be the last to sell.

PWCC chart showing returns of its 500 Index versus the S&P 500

The problem, however, in using the PWCC index is that it is utilizing some of the highest graded cards on the market–a PSA 8 1952 Topps Mickey Mantle or a perfect mint PSA 10 Derek Jeter 1993 SP rookie Card (one of which recently sold for over $100,000).   

For many everyday collectors, these cards are typically out of reach. This leads to collectors investing in lower-graded versions that won’t likely carry the same overall returns.  And usually, it’s the rarest of the rare investments that tend to hold up better in times of economic stress.

When Would We Expect Baseball Cards To Under-perform The Market

Some theorize that collectors have driven the recent boom in vintage baseball cards from the 1980s, returning to the hobby.  After a long hiatus, these collectors have returned to the hobby they love with a fistful of dollars from their hard-earned paycheck and stock market gains.

There might be some validity to this concern, and it would be interesting to look back at the hobby 20 to 30 years from now to see what values look like after many of the older collectors have left the hobby.   

But just as art collectors view their prized Warhols, Dali, or Van Gogh paintings, the same can be said for the card business’s Ruths, Mantle, and Cobbs.

Shouldn’t a rare, prized vintage baseball card be viewed just as we would a Warhol?

Any future economic weakness or recessions will likely lead to additional weakness in card prices.  It’s only inevitable and likely depends on the preceding appreciation of values.  Of course, as we look at the overall hobby and the appreciation over the past few years, it could be said that we might be ‘due’ for some correction as we speak.   

But as we’ve seen in past times of economic weakness, the cream of the crop (or highest-graded in-demand cards) tend to hold up a bit better than others.

Why Baseball Cards Should Hold Value Over Time

I have a finance and investment background. Thus I always think about the investment side of collecting and the potential for appreciation whenever making a purchase.

While I still ‘collect’ based on my desire to own a particular player’s card or a specific set, the investment side of the deal is always a part of the equation when I’m making a decision.

So, does it make sense to consider a collection of sports cards along the lines of an investment in, say, the S&P 500, multi-family income property, or even precious metals or jewelry?  I think it does.  And here’s why: every investment is based on the simple principles of supply and demand.

A  three-family house in the heart of a booming city with exploding real estate values will always have high demand.  And there aren’t many of those properties around, so the demand will always exceed the supply, leading to elevated prices. 

And they aren’t making any more land, just like they aren’t making any more 1952 Topps Mantles.

[thrive_testimonial name=”Mark Twain” company=”” image=””]Buy land; they’re not making it anymore.[/thrive_testimonial]

There is only one Mona Lisa, and given the popularity of Van Gogh and the demand for his work, it’s evident that as long as the demand for Van Gogh paintings remains at least stagnant, that painting will always be worth a ton of money. 

So, I look at investments in Baseball, Basketball, or any other sports card similarly: by utilizing the simple principles of supply and demand.

If there is elevated demand and limited supply, then we know we have a very hot card or set of cards on our hands.  But if we see a card or group of cards rising in value with maybe more supply than we think is valid, given the price increase, it might make sense to look at something else.   

For example, based on pure supply and demand statistics, we know FOR A FACT that an unopened box of 1988 Topps will likely see little increase in value over time.

Sorry folks, but these aren’t going anywhere.

In addition, with the advent of professional grading companies such as PSA and SGC, we now have a well-defined grading and authentication system. 

We know (for the most part) how much a Near-Mint 1952 Topps Mickey Mantle should be worth.  This helps the hobby preserve overall value and foster potential capital appreciation over time.

Key Things To Consider When Making Any Investment in Baseball Cards

Stocks are valued based on the number of earnings they provide to investors.  A stock with no growth has a lower valuation (usually based on a Price to Earnings ratio) than a stock with high growth. 

For example, if we know that AT&T will provide $1 in earnings per share this year, as will Netflix, would you be willing to pay more for the earnings of AT&T or Netflix? 

We know that Netflix will likely grow that $1 to $2 or $3 or $4 in the coming years, but I’m not sure I can say that AT&T will even grow past $1.   

Thus investors, as you might imagine, pay a higher multiple on the earnings of Netflix, given the expectation for higher growth in earnings moving forward.

Unfortunately, baseball cards don’t spit out dividends or provide any earnings, so we must, as investors hope that our cards will appreciate in value.  This is the difference between an investment in stocks or real estate, in that no passive income (dividends or monthly rent) is coming in regularly.   

We can’t just slap a multiple on a stream of earnings that a baseball card provides.  This makes a baseball card more akin to an investment in art or precious metals (diamonds or gold) that don’t provide regular income. 

Thus from my lens, I like to focus on supply and demand.  We have many tools at our disposal nowadays- as both PSA and SGC provide a database of the total number of grades they’ve provided for each card.

There is no natural way to estimate demand, but it’s not hard to think about the players we think will remain popular with collectors over time.  For the old timers, it’s Cobb, Ruth, Gehrig, Young, and Wagner. 

Then it’s Mays, Jackie Robinson, Ted Williams, Mickey Mantle, and Clemente.  And that’s just baseball.   It’s hard to imagine that a well-graded Michael Jordan rookie will lose value over time (note look out for fakes, though).

How Baseball Cards Fit Into Your Overall Investment Portfolio

We’re not here to recommend that you shift your entire 401K into a bunch of old vintage cards, but we wouldn’t bat an eye if you thought about putting 5%-10% of your overall retirement funds into old vintage cards. 

Of course, no investable index funds buy baseball cards, so maybe instead of putting 20% of your paycheck into your 401K, you save an additional 1% and save it for a big-time purchase.

Just as art, gold, silver, and diamonds are considered excellent ways to diversify an overall investment portfolio, we think vintage cards can provide a similar type of diversification. 

Of course, a vintage card portfolio will probably fall in value just as a portfolio of stocks will in an economic downturn. Still, it provides a different means of attaining future returns.

If just getting started,  I would look at some of our past articles that identify some cards we perceive to be undervalued based on the overall player demand and relative card scarcity.   

Here are a few good ones to get started:

Five Rare Mickey Mantle Cards That Sell For $1000 or Less

Five Cy Young Cards With Tremendous Upside Potential

These Ten Babe Ruth Baseball Cards Look Woefully Undervalued

Disclaimer: Note that none of the aforementioned information should be considered investment advice!

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